Book Summary: That’s Not How We Do It Here! (Kotter and Rathgeber)

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John Kotter’s 2016 book “That’s Not How We Do It Here!” is a story about how organisations rise and fall and how they can rise again. It’s about navigating change. Kotter encapsulates it in a story much like his previous bestseller “Our iceberg is melting“. Previously, it was about a group of penguins, this time it’s a clan of meerkats.

If you have no time to read the book, you can watch this summary video:

Kotter presents two meerkat clans that operate with different styles: Management or Leadership. However, you cannot have one without the other. Obviously, without both, you’re doomed. Check out this key chart from his book:

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Management was the in-thing for a long time till the 1990’s when leadership books entered. John Maxwell, the guru of leadership, almost single-handedly influenced everyone in organisations to become leaders. Whatever happened to managers? That’s unfortunate, because Kotter asserts that organisations need both leaders and managers. Often, pure leadership works well in small organisations that need to innovate and roll with the punches. And when these organisations grow to a certain size, they need to add in management to the mix. Policies and procedures are put into place which are good. But the danger is that innovation becomes disregarded. This makes organisations slow to adapt to changes all around – especially in our rapid times. Thus, the key is to have both Management and Leadership in order to grow further.

I think this story represents churches very accurately. Often small churches are able to try many new things and change direction quickly (leadership). Everyone knows everybody and one person can take on multiple roles. That’s what makes it so dynamic and exciting to be around. But when it grows to a certain size, management needs to come in. Everyone doesn’t know everybody – it’s too huge. Furthermore, it can’t be a one-man show any longer. Roles needs to be distinct and specialised.

Some churches fossilise. They are just machines running week after week with little innovation. It’s just about managing the status quo: Having enough musicians, getting ushers, maintaining church grounds. Being faithful to the traditions, rules and rituals are crucial. No creativity is expected since everything is working well (even though the rules or traditions were formed years ago in a different era). As some people say, if it’s novel, probably it’s heresy! It all goes smoothly, till it doesn’t.

People vote with their feet. People have left the traditional, management style churches. Usually, it’s the creative types that leave first. The trendsetters who are told not to rock the system. “That’s how we have done it for the past 50 years young man/lady!” Then the innovators leave. Others leave because church seems alien, disconnected from daily life. It’s as if they stepped into the twilight zone. The songs are from the 18th century, the preaching is dry as dust and the liturgy seems wooden (though some say it’s really meaningful). So they leave for more modern churches that innovate and connect with today’s culture. Sadly, some just leave church entirely.

The church today needs leadership and management than ever before. Both of them. We need innovative trendsetters who have a finger on the culture’s pulse and are ready to adapt. We need analytical workhorses who are able to run the church efficiently and create systems to support growth. You need to be both a manager and a leader for churches to grow.


Psalm 103: Why We Should Praise the Lord

Do you find it difficult to thank God? Do you struggle to find out what’s good in your life? Everything looks dull and bleak? If you are a Christian, you have much to praise God for. David teaches us in Psalm 103.

David begins with a shout of praise to God with his entire heart and soul. He then adds that may he “never forget the good things he does for me.” (v2). What are the good things that God has done? We would do well to remember them too and praise the Lord! Here are the 6 amazing things:

He forgives all my sins
and heals all my diseases.
He redeems me from death
and crowns me with love and tender mercies.
He fills my life with good things.
My youth is renewed like the eagle’s!

Psalm 103:3-5

1. God forgives all our sins

This first one is pretty amazing. David was a murderer and an adulterer.  But God forgave his sins because David repented. Take note, he suffered the great consequences that affected his whole life. Ps 103:10 and 12 highlight the radical graciousness and mercy of God towards us – God did not punish us as we deserve. Today, if you have accepted Jesus Christ as your Lord and Saviour, your sins have been forgiven. Jesus died in your place on the cross. He died the death you and I were deserved to receive because of our sin. Praise the Lord for his amazing love and compassion!

2. God heals all our diseases

God is the one who heals us physically, emotionally and spiritually. There is no doubt about it. It does not mean that God always heals. He can, but not always. On this side of heaven, we cannot know why some faithful Christians remain sick. But don’t let that stop you from seeking God for healing. Isa 53:5 says that “By [Jesus’s] stripes, we are healed.” Through his physical suffering of getting whipped, we receive healing. That brings me to my knees in worship of Him. A divine exchange took place on the cross. He suffered so we can be healed. He died so we can live.

3. God redeems us from death 

David has been saved from death many times in his life: From Goliath, from Saul, from enemies. He recognised that God saved him. God redeemed him from death. The word “redeem” indicates that God paid a price to rescue us from death. Indeed, Jesus redeemed us from an eternity in Hell through his death and resurrection. He now offers the free gift of eternal life for those who would trust in Him. If you don’t receive this free gift that redeems you, you’re headed for Hell.

4. God crowns us with love and tender mercies

There is a general grace that God pours out on everyone on this planet, whether good or bad (Matt 5:45). That’s the love and mercies of God to those who do not deserve it in order to bring them to a saving knowledge of Him (Acts 17:27). But in this verse there is a specific verb “crowns”. This implies that Christians are endowed by God an extra portion of love and mercy. Praise the Lord! As we receive God’s love through his grace and mercy, we overflow and show it to others around us. That’s how people will know that we are different from the world. As we have received, freely give!

5. God fills our lives with good things

This is linked with the previous point. God gives us good things. David near the end of his life, realised how unworthy he was to receive God’s immense blessings (2 Sam 7:18). Only God could have brought him this far and all blessings were from him. The greatest gift is his Son, Jesus Christ. Paul the apostle said, “Yes, everything else is worthless when compared with the infinite value of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord. For his sake I have discarded everything else, counting it all as garbage, so that I could gain Christ” (Phil 3:8‬) Do you consider Jesus as worth more than all the world could offer? Thank God for Jesus and every spiritual blessing he has bestowed on us!

6. God renews our youth like an eagle

God infuses our life with energy, passion and purpose. He gives us renewed strength – even if you’re older! The Bible uses the eagle as a positive analogy. Why? If you’ve ever watched those wildlife documentary, you’ll see that eagles soar really high, their huge wings spread out as it swoops mightily in the sky. It soars effortlessly in the sky. It is the apex predator. God renews our strength and unleashes us to soar like an eagle. We are meant to fly high. Remember your teenage years when you had loads of energy to do almost anything? Well, God is making you as strong as your youthful days! Christians are invigorated with greater purpose, greater vision and greater energy. Hallelujah!

Let us praise God for these 6 wonderful blessings he has given us.

Job’s Missing Advocate

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Job suffered terribly. In his viewpoint, for no rhyme or reason. His fortune was gone, his house was destroyed, his children killed. Unknown to him, in the heavenly courts, a wager was made between God and Satan. It was to test Job’s faithfulness in the midst of suffering. I shall focus only on Job’s desire for an advocate to represent his case before God. When we face injustice and suffering, who can we turn to? Is there a greater power who can enact justice for us? It reminds me of the War Crimes tribunal that executes punishment on individuals who commit atrocities during the Holocaust or Pol Pot regime. 

We begin with Job’s desire for a mediator or advocate for him in Job 9:32-35:

“God is not a mortal like me,
    so I cannot argue with him or take him to trial.
If only there were a mediator between us,
    someone who could bring us together.
The mediator could make God stop beating me,
    and I would no longer live in terror of his punishment.
Then I could speak to him without fear,
    but I cannot do that in my own strength.”

Note Job’s wish for a mediator between him and God. Someone like a middleman who could “bring us together.” This person could plead with God to relent and stop his suffering. Why does Job need a mediator? Because he is filled with fear. We know that people in the Bible have been afraid to face God. The fearful Israelites at the base of Mount Sinai told Moses to talk to God on behalf of them. This theme continues:

Even now my witness is in heaven.
    My advocate is there on high.
My friends scorn me,
    but I pour out my tears to God.
I need someone to mediate between God and me,
    as a person mediates between friends.

Job 16:19-21

And again…

If only I knew where to find God,
    I would go to his court.
I would lay out my case
    and present my arguments.

Job 23:3-4

And again…

If only someone would listen to me!
    Look, I will sign my name to my defense.
Let the Almighty answer me.
    Let my accuser write out the charges against me.

Job 31:35

He is confident that a mediator, a special messenger to intercede for him would solve his problem…

But if an angel from heaven appears—
    a special messenger to intercede for a person
    and declare that he is upright—
he will be gracious and say,
‘Rescue him from the grave,
    for I have found a ransom for his life.’

Job 33:23-24

Finally, Job also complains that God doesn’t understand his plight. God isn’t human. He doesn’t look through the eyes of human flesh:

Are your eyes like those of a human?
Do you see things only as people see them?

Job 10:4

Job’s missing advocate was Jesus Christ. Jesus is the mediator between God and Man. Contrary to what Job complained, God took on human flesh and came to live with us. Jesus walked this earth, looking through human eyes, suffering pain in his human body. By his death on the cross and resurrection from the dead, he has become our mediator.  

For, There is one God and one Mediator who can reconcile God and humanity—the man Christ Jesus.

1 Tim 2:5

Jesus reconciled man and God so that we can come before him anytime before the throne of mercy. We bring our requests to God directly. What’s so amazing is that Jesus continues to this day to intercede for you and me (Romans 8:34). He’s praying for you! Because he has taken on human flesh, Jesus understand the pain and suffering you are going through. He is your advocate against Satan who accuses you before God day and night. Jesus is always telling the Devil about you, “This precious child has been covered with my blood. She is washed clean, purified and saved. Keep your hands off!” Thank God for Jesus our mediator.

Preaching like Joel Osteen

Joel Osteen is a successful pastor of the fastest growing church in America, Lakewood Church. Though his theology is often criticised, I will only highlight his style of preaching that has captured the attention of millions around the world. I must admit: I find Joel’s personality instantly magnetic and amiable. He’s known as the smiling preacher, not only because of his appearance but for his uplifting messages. After watching several of his videos, here are some key takeaways that we can learn from him.

1. Don’t use PowerPoint.

Isn’t this interesting? Just one man on the stage speaking. No PowerPoint. No fancy videos. Very little technology. People insist that today’s generation would tune out without moving graphics. Not true. If your speaking is captivating enough, there’s no need for visual aids. All the attention would be focused on you, rather than to a screen. But you need to be engaging all the way. That’s why, his sermons aren’t very long.

2. Keep your sermon to 27 minutes.

Almost all of Osteen’s sermons are roughly 27 minutes. That means his sermon script is consistently the same number of words. Find out your speaking speed (words per minute) and then you can calculate your manuscript length. Of course, you can speak shorter or longer than that. But because of Joel’s broadcasting experience, plus the fact that his service program must keep to televised schedule, he limits his sermon length. It is good that audiences can gauge how long you usually speak. Personally, I think 30 mins is adequate to say all that you need to say without them losing their interest. 45 minutes would be the upper limit before most go for a toilet break.

3. Memorise your script.

This is pretty amazing. Osteen keeps his eye contact fully on his listeners as he speaks. It’s as if he’s speaking directly to me! I do think he has a script on the pulpit but he hardly refers to it. Other interviews reveal that he practices every sermon on stage exactly, checking his posture, the lighting and other elements before the actual service. He doesn’t just wing it on the day itself. That’s a good work ethic – practice your sermon exactly. You’ll know how long it takes or what doesn’t sound right. Sometimes, Joel walks across the stage taking a quick peek without missing a beat. I think memorising his script lends authority to his message. The reason he can do this is because his sermon is centered around one main point. Everything else builds on it. It reminds me of Andy Stanley’s one main point format. Keeping your outline simple allows Osteen to keep constant eye contact.

4. Own the stage.

Osteen hardly stays behind the pulpit. 90% of the time he’s walking around the stage. But he stops to speak, then plants himself in another spot. He doesn’t keep on roaming around the stage. In terms of body language, he uses open hand gestures and friendly facial expressions. His voice is gentle and soothing to listen to, suiting his personality. It’s key to note he uses pauses very well. Pausing after making a key point drives home the message. To emphasise key points, his voice gets louder and tone ends on the downward tone (rather than upwards tone when you as ask a question).

5. Have tons of applications.

One thing that makes Osteen so engaging is that he has tons of illustrations and real-world applications. Though some might accuse him of not being rooted in the text (not expository enough), he’s on the right track. Sermons are not bible studies. They are to equip and transform people’s lives for the upcoming week or month. People want something to survive the next battle as they exit the church. They need God’s word incarnated as practically as possible. Osteen does that very well, giving many applications and stories for listeners to act on immediately.

Why Anal Sex is Harmful

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I read a book supporting the homosexual lifestyle recently and the author said, “I cannot discern what harm is prevented when gay Christians are forbidden from consensual relationships and committing themselves to life together.” (Aw, pg. 56) Is it really true that homosexual sex is not harmful? I’d like to refute this claim based on the design of human bodies and how God intended us to have sex.

A medical website has noted that there are several harmful effects of anal sex. Anal sex leads to a higher chance for sexual infections, tissue tearing and bleeding and pain. The anus, in God’s design, is for excrement and not for penetration. A cursory comparison of the structure and physiology of the female vagina and male anus shows that the vagina is God’s intended method of sex (thicker tissue wall to sustain penetration). In contrast, anal sex causes pain to the receiving homosexual as the anal tissue has many nerve endings. Additionally, as the anus has an anal sphincter to contain feces in, it is tight. Thus, shafting in a penis through the tight anal muscles causes pain. Repeated anal sex can lead to a loosening of bowel function.

Isn’t that causing harm to another person? On the other side, the giving homosexual has a higher chance for sexual disease due to the high content of bacteria in the anus. Both parties involved in the homosexual act are harming one another. God in his wisdom chose not to allow that. Theologically, the penis and vagina are sources of life while the anus is death. Life must meet life. Anal sex is Death and Death. Of course, the website recommends using protection and lubrication so that anal sex is not so painful. But it only goes to show that it is not God’s natural intention for sex. Humans have perverted a beautiful gift within the boundaries of marriage and used it in unnatural ways.

Were David and Jonathan Homosexuals?

Image result for david and jonathanSome have read a homoerotic relationship between David and Jonathan. Key verses that seem to support this interpretation:

“After David had finished talking with Saul, Jonathan became one in spirit with David, and he loved him as himself.” ‭‭1 Sam ‭18:1‬ ‭

“Then they kissed each other and wept together…” ‭‭1 Sam ‭20:41‬b

“Your love for me was wonderful, more wonderful than that of women.” ‭‭2 Sam‬ ‭1:26‬b

While it is true that David and Jonathan had a close friendship, it does not mean it was a homosexual one. There must be possibility for non-sexual friendship. Anton Marco writes that those who “virtually deny the possibility that true non-sexual intimacy can exist between persons of the same gender…would almost deny the possibility of the existence of true friendship.” Why must same gender friendship lead to homosexual love?

The terms “of being fond of” or “soul knitted together” has been used in other instances of the Old Testament without any sexual connotations. For example, Gen 44:30 says the soul of Jacob was bound with his son Benjamin. It does not imply a homosexual relationship but a close one. Timothy J. Dailey notes: “The Hebrew  word חָפֵץ (chaphets)  used  means “joy of the heart”;  it is never used  in the Hebrew Bible  to denote sexuality.” David and Jonathan simply enjoyed a genuine deep friendship where their emotions were closely intertwined. Robert Gagnon also notes that the language of love had a political slant; Jonathan was passing the kingship to David. It reflected the love between a suzerain and vassal as seen in treaties. 

Finally, revisionists neglect the culture of the Middle East which has customs of kissing as a form of greeting and friendship. David and Jonathan did not share a romantic or erotic kiss but a customary act of affection. Other examples of kissing with no sexual connotation include Jacob kissing Isaac (Gen 27:26) or Esau kissing Jacob (Gen 33:4).


Timothy J. Dailey, The Bible, the Church & Homosexuality, 6.

Anton N. Marco, “‘Gay Theology’ and ‘Gay Rights:’ ‘Biblical Bedfellows’ or Unholy Alliance?” Social Justice Review, March–April 1996, 39.

Robert Gagnon, The Bible and Homosexual Practice, 148.

Is the Church Doomed to Fail?

“The church is doomed to fail,” a church young adult told me dismally over lunch one Sunday. He had seen all the politics, all the fighting, all the poor ways of running the church – and lost faith. Many others have also lost faith in this institution called Church. Is it really true? If so, we might as well close down churches all over the world. We might realise that no one batted an eyelid. How are we to address this in light of Scripture? Jesus gives us an encouraging picture for us who might have lost faith.

“And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.”

Matthew 16:18 (ESV)

Jesus’ statement comes after Peter’s revelation that He was the Messiah. In the midst of revelation of who Jesus is, Jesus highlights two key points.

1. I will build my church

Firstly, the church is owned by Jesus. Not by your pastor or elders or committees. He has promised to build His own church, which in many other parts of Scripture is called the Bride of Christ. No matter how damaged or dysfunctional a church may look like, bring it to Jesus to fix it. He is a original founder and boss. He will build His church to thrive and succeed. The problem is when we think the church’s future depends solely in our hands. That’s when we put impossible burden on ourselves and others. Only Jesus can build His church. If your church is struggling, get down on your knees and transfer ownership back to Jesus.

2. The gates of hell shall not prevail against it

Secondly, Jesus says that the church is waging war against hell. There is an unseen spiritual battle going on in a different realm. But who’s winning? According to Jesus, the church is on the offensive, bringing the fight to hell’s gates. Gates are meant for defence and was the most important structure. But sooner or later, the gate will break down. It may not seem so right now, especially with the mess that the world’s in. But one day, Jesus’ church will prevail. Hell’s gate will be broken down completely. Churches are meant to be active, not passive in the war against evil. We are to snatch people from the fire of hell and combat the ills of society. Jesus has promised that the church will prevail. Victory is guaranteed.

Is the church doomed to fail? Our church may fail, but Jesus’ church will not fail. Transfer ownership back to Him. Is your church taking the offensive? You should, because the devil is stuck on the defence, knowing that it is only a matter of time before his kingdom is plundered.

The Value of All Life

In today’s society, the word equality is a hot potato. Gender equality. Social equality. Racial equality. If you show a preference for a certain group of people, you are showing discrimination. You might get hate mail. You might get fired, or worse, even jailed. Thus the Bible troubles me. Those pesky rules in the Old Testament seem so weird. So unbalanced. Let’s look at one example of ascribing value in the book of Leviticus (the book where many sincere Christians give up).

“The LORD gave Moses the following regulations for the people of Israel. When a person has been given to the LORD in fulfilment of a special vow, that person may be set free by the payment of the following sums of money, according to the official standard:

adult male, twenty to sixty years old: fifty pieces of silver

adult female: thirty pieces of silver

young male, five to twenty years old: twenty pieces of silver

young female: ten pieces of silver

infant male under five: five pieces of silver

infant female: three pieces of silver

male above sixty years of age: fifteen pieces of silver

female above sixty: ten pieces of silver”

Leviticus 27:1-7

Ever heard anyone preach using that text? Me neither. Maybe because it’s just boring. Or maybe troubling. It seems God is assigning during values of worth to different individuals. Redeeming an adult male costs more than a female. Redeeming a young male is twice as costly as a young female!

What’s happening? It’s so ridiculous! Why are males worth more than females? Why are infants so cheap? Why are older people above sixty so invaluable? God is perhaps showing discrimination in the greatest degree. How can we understand what’s happening?

Flip your lens. God is not saying that males are worth more than females. Neither is old lady devalued when she hits the big six-zero. God is being kind, merciful and loving. What, loving? Yes, God knows that males have greater ability to earn money and pay to redeem the person. It has nothing to do with worth, but rather their life situation. Thus a young person has less money and God understands. He requires more from those who are given more responsibility. In Israel’s male-dominated society, females depended on their husbands.

But Gods kindness even goes further. What if a person can’t even afford it o pay the requirement? No problem. The priest determines a new price based on their ability.

“If anyone who made the vow is too poor to pay the standard price, he or she shall bring the person to the priest, and the priest will set a lower price, according to the ability of that person to pay.”

Leviticus 27:8 GNB

The Old Testament doesn’t portray a brutal God who is out to make lives difficult for his people. God has always been loving. We see God’s character in his covenantal rules. God is infinitely loving and has a soft heart for the poor, widow, the orphans. Often, Israel is rebuked by God for their discrimination as a deviation from God’s character.

Is there anyone or a group of people that you are discriminating against? It might be a certain race that you write off as lazy and dumb. It might be you think all females should stay at home and not work. It might be you think old people are a burden to society and should not be paid for by the state. It might be you think children are irritating critters that spoil your life. Think again. See them as God sees them – valuable. Love them as God loves all people. Ask God to give you compassion today to love beyond all boundaries.

Learning from Epaphras’ Powerful Prayer

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Grandfather: “Little Frank, are you still praying for a baby brother?”
Little Frank: “Yeah.”
Grandfather: “Well, how’s it going?”
Little Frank: “Not too good. I think Mom’s praying against me.”

Like little Frank, prayer can be an uphill battle. But most of the time, we aren’t praying against our mum but against Satan (Eph 6:12). How should you pray for the people in your life? Paul, in his letters to the Colossians, highlights a prayer warrior named Epaphras. Wait…Epap-who? Epaphras is easily glossed over but his prayers aren’t. Check it out:

Epaphras, a member of your own fellowship and a servant of Christ Jesus, sends you his greetings. He always prays earnestly for you, asking God to make you strong and perfect, fully confident that you are following the whole will of God.
Colossians 4:12

What an amazing testimony by Paul! Epaphras is apparently from the Colossian church and prays for them as he travels with Paul. What can we learn as we pray for our family, our neighborhood or church?

1. Consistent in Prayer
Epaphras prayed “always” for them. He was consistent in bringing them before God. How often do you pray for others in your life? Maybe, a better question is: How often do you pray? Set aside time each day to bring people on your heart to God. It’s difficult to remember so it will be best to create lists of names sorted by circles of influence (Family, Friends, Church, Missionaries). Next, assign each group to a day of the week so that you will cover them in prayer regularly. That’s consistency. Keeping a prayer journal might be helpful too.

2.  Contend in Prayer
Next,  Epaphras contended in prayer for them. The word Paul used was “earnestly” which in the Greek means “struggling or wrestling as if in an intense athletic contest or warfare.” That’s where the word agonise comes from. Epaphras’ prayer isn’t the gentle meal prayer but implies great exertion. Why? Every time we pray, there are spiritual battles taking place in the heavenly realms. Daniel faced that. Jesus faced that. Epaphras faced that. The devil wants to steal, kill and destroy Christians, preventing them from growing in the Lord. Thus, prayer unleashes battles in the spiritual kingdom for God’s will to be done. Will you agonise, struggle and wrestle in prayer for the people in your life? Often in intense prayer, we pray till we sense a breakthrough and we know our prayer is answered.

3. Constructive in Prayer
Lastly, Epaphras prayed constructively for the Colossian church. The first two qualities describes the way he prayed. Now is the content of his prayer. He prayed that God will make them mature and have the assurance they are in the will of God. That’s a wonderful prayer! Ask God to strengthen faith in your church members. Ask God to reveal his will to them. Ask God to open the hearts of family members who haven’t accepted Jesus yet. Ask God to give assurance to those who are seeking direction in life. Your prayers are crucial to building up the church of God.

Jesus the Good Shepherd

Image result for jesus shepherdIf you had a pet kitten that strayed onto oncoming traffic, would you push your beloved kitten aside and die in its place? Probably not. Human life is more valuable than any cherished pet.

If you reared chickens for selling in the market and a rabid hound ventured into your farm, would you save the chicken but risk being bitten? Would you tell the hound, “Take me instead, let the chicken go!” Hmm…no.

But that’s exactly what Jesus did for us. I came to the familiar reading of Jesus as the Good Shepherd. Jesus says:

I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.

John 10:11

I find that so radical. Think about it. A shepherd rears sheep, eventually kills it, and sells the meat and the wool as merchandise. I don’t think he treated them as a household pet. Even if there were extreme danger, would he really give his life for a sheep? It’s ridiculous! It’s just an animal. He still can get more sheep if he wants. But to lose his life would be disastrous.

Jesus was the Good Shepherd who gave his life for the sheep, even at the cost of his life. He was driving home a powerful point to his listeners: I love you with a radical, extreme type of love. The kind of love that will lead me to die so you can be saved. 

Jesus died for us lost, helpless sheep.

All of us, like sheep, have strayed away.
    We have left God’s paths to follow our own.
Yet the Lord laid on him
    the sins of us all.

Isaiah 53:6 (NLT)

Jesus willingly died on the cross for our sins and to take away our sins. But he rose again from the dead and conquered death. No longer are we doomed to hell if we believe in Him.

If you declare with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.

Romans 10:9

Will you put your trust in the Good Shepherd who loves you and has made a way for you to be with Him forever?